For YEARS, I’ve tried to tackle the mystery of Custom Post Types.  I would try using them, then get discouraged and do some type of work around.  Well this time I finally was able sort it all out!  Unfortunately, I couldn’t find many tutorials that we’re easy to understand so here’s my contribution.  Hope it helps anyone who’s trying to wrap their head around this.

 

Things to know

What’s a custom post type and why would I need it?

I’ll start off with a scenario.  I want to create customized portfolio of projects jobs that contain a title, description, featured image, website URL location.  They want the jobs to be categorized by the types of projects, technologies AND project status.

Ok – no problem.  I’ll just use WordPress Posts!  Title, description, featured image, category — no problem.  Uh oh – there’s no area for the additional fields I want and only one option for categories!  Damnit!  I’m totally screwed…  Negative Ghostrider – you just need CPT’s.

Custom Post Types

Before I got into the wild world of wordpress, I wrote a lot of custom software.  When you write custom software you have to write what I call “AED” scripts or “Add, Edit, Delete”.  Another term is “CRUD” or “Create, Read, Update, Delete”.   These are the basic functions of storing data into a database.

The whole “post_type” things is so simple, yet SO confusing (especially to anyone new to WP) so here’s a simplified explanation:  Pages and posts are default “post_types” in WP.   If you want some kind of list that can’t be done using a page or a post you need to create a “custom post type”.  So we’ll add a 3rd post_type called “Absolute 0 Portfolio”

What the Hell are Taxonomies?

Taxonomies are…filters for post types.

Example: When you add a new post in WP, you see that you can assign that post to a category.  That category is a taxonomy for posts.

Based on the scenario above, our A0 Portfolio CPT will need 3 taxonomies:  Project Type, Technologies and Project Status

Finally

Make sure you have a child theme setup and it’s active – you’ll need to add this file to your child-theme directory in order to show your customized portfolio posts.  If you don’t currently have a child theme, I highly recommend using the plugin Child Theme Configurator by Lilaea Media – just type in “child theme” in plugins and it should be the first one to pop up.

So What’s the Plan?

  • First, we’ll download the plugins we need to make this all happen.
  • Next we’ll setup our custom post type and taxomonies.
  • Then we’ll setup any custom fields we want for our CPT’s
  • After that we’ll setup our dashboard to look just the way we want it.
  • Next we’ll add some data and images.
  • Finally, we’ll integrate it into the pages we need in the font end.

LET’S DO DIS!

 

Let’s grab the plugins we’ll need

Plugin What’s it for…
Cost
Custom Post Type UI This is where we’ll create our CPT and Taxomonies Free
Advanced Custom Fields This is where we’ll add any special fields we want to add to the CPT Free
Post List View Custom This is a really nice function that allows you to customize the way the your CPT List displays in the dashboard Free
Portfolio Posts Pro Plugin Perhaps the most critical piece:  this little gem from Brad Crawford makes all of your CPT dreams come true with a sweet module that plugs right into the divi theme. – Trust me when I say – I’m a cheap ass.  But this plugin is worth it’s weight in gold! $15 for a year of support or $39 lifetime
Custom Content Shortcode This is what will allow us to customize each individual portfolio post dynamically! Free

 

 

 

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